Passive RIAA Calculator For
Tube Phono Amplifier

The passive RIAA Phono Equalizer is an appealing circuit from an audiophile perspective for 2 main reasons.
  • The high frequency reproduction of the curve is extremely accurate
  • The two amplifiers operate with a constant feedback gain. High Frequency overload is lower than an active feedback design but this seems never to create problems in real world applications.

The only concerns are to be sure that the driving tube V1 has a low enough output impedance relative to R1 and that the following tube V2 has an input impedance of at least 50 times R1 to prevent loading.

You can enter data for R1 and for the 3 frequency settings.
Those frequencies represent corner frequencies of the 3 stages of the RIAA curve, the low end, the mid and the treble.
If you have a different curve you would like to equalize, input the frequencies of interest and the calculator will give you the component values.

Passive RIAA Calculator



  • Enter the value for R1
  • Optional you can enter Ri and Rp to calculate the right value of R1 for the Tube Phono Pre-Amplifier.
  • Press “Calculate value of R2, C1 and C2”
  • The exact values for R2, C1 and C2 wil be calculated. Resistors and Capacitors are usually not available with exactly these values.
  • However, with a circuit of two E24 resistors or capacitors, you can often approximate these values quite good.
  • The calculator finds 2 E24 resistor and 4 E24 capacitor values that best matches the calculated values.
  • RIAA playback equalization is not a simple low-pass filter. It defines transition points in three places: 75 µs, 318 µs and 3180 µs, which correspond to 2122 Hz, 500 Hz and 50 Hz (rounded values)



  • Calculate R2, C1 and C2


    Transition Points (It's possible to adjust these values)
    Pole #1 Hz  uS
    Zero #1 Hz  uS
    Pole #2 Hz  uS
     
    R1 = Ω
    Ri = Ω (internal tube plate resistance from tube datasheet) [ optional ]
    Rp = Ω (resistor between plate and power supply) [ optional ]

    Please keep in mind that the output impedance of the first stage V1 throws the network time constants off.

    For example, a 12AX7 used in a grounded-cathode configuration with a 150k plate-load resistor results in an output impedance of roughly 44k (62k in parallel with 150k). When this value is added to equalization network 75k, the error becomes more noticeable and moves in the opposite direction, giving a positive boost at 10Hz (+2.74dB).

    If we reduce resistor R1's value to 37k without changing C1 and C2 value, the output returns to close to flat, but with a slight bump (+0.05dB) in low bass.

    In the case of the op-amps, the output impedance is usually well under 100 ohms, nothing has to change...




    Calculations


    Ri || Rp = Ω ( internal tube Plate Resistance parallel with Plate Resistor )
     
    R1 = Ω  
    R2 = Ω
     
    C1 = nF
    C2 = nF



    R1 = Ω parallel Ω = Ω, Error = %
    R2 = Ω parallel Ω = Ω, Error = %
     
    C1 = nF serial nF = nF, Error = %
    C2 = nF serial nF = nF, Error = %
     
     






    RIAA Equalisation Response
    Attenuation in dB relative to 1kHz


    > Frequency Hz > Attenuation in dB > Frequency Hz > Attenuation in dB
    10 19.74   1000

    0

    20 19.27   1200

    -0.61

    30 18.59   1500

    -1.4

    40 17.79   1800

    -2.12

    50 16.95   2000

    -2.59

    60 16.1   3000

    -4.74

    80 14.51   4000

    -6.61

    100 13.09   5000

    -8.21

    120 11.85   6000

    -9.6

    150 10.27   8000

    -11.89

    180 8.97   10000

    -13.73

    200 8.22   12000

    -15.26

    300 5.48   15000

    -17.16

    400 3.78   18000

    -18.72

    500 2.65   20000

    -19.62

    600 1.84   30000

    -23.12

    800 0.75  

    40000

    -25.6





    More info about RIAA Networks (very technical)

    Useful information about RIAA Preamps






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